The Role of Parents in Developing Intrapersonal Intelligence in Early Age Children 5-6 years in Nyogan Village, Muaro Jambi Regency, Jambi Province


  • Hindun Hindun Universitas Islam Negeri Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia
  • Ismail Fahri Universitas Islam Negeri Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia
  • Sururuddin Universitas Islam Negeri Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia
  • Fenny Wulansari Universitas Islam Negeri Sulthan Thaha Saifuddin Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia



This research aims to examine the role of parents in developing the intrapersonal intelligence of young children aged 5-6 years in Nyogan village, Muaro Jambi Regency, Jambi Province. Intrapersonal intelligence in this research is being able to understand himself well, including his strengths and weaknesses, easily accepting input and even criticism of himself, knowing what he wants and having ideals. This type of research is descriptive qualitative research, meaning that the work steps to describe an object, phenomenon or social setting are contained in narrative writing . The subjects of this research were parents and children aged 5-6 years. The object of research is the intrapersonal intelligence of early childhood 5-6 years old. Data collection techniques use observation, interviews and documentation. Data was analyzed through data reduction, data presentation and drawing conclusions. The results of this research are 1) parenting patterns in Nyogan village, Muaro Jambi Regency are in various ways ranging from authoritarian, democratic and permissive patterns 2). Intrapersonal Intelligence of Early Childhood in Nyogan Village, Muaro Jambi Regency It is an intelligence that is not permanent so that its development is not as easy as intellectual intelligence, because intrapersonal intelligence is an intelligence that changes, sometimes experiencing increases but not infrequently also experiencing decreases. 3) the role of parents in developing the intrapersonal intelligence of young children aged 5-6 years in Nyogan Village, Muaro Jambi district is by spending time with children, opening their eyes, hearts and ears to children, will make children trust their parents and make parents their only ones. the only place where children pour everything out.


Abdullah Nasih Ulwan. Tarbiyatul Aulad: Translated by Saifullah Kamalie . Bandung: Asy-Syifa. 1988.

Al-Kuyami, Sulaiman. The Power of Educating Children in the Prophet's Style . Yogyakarta: A Universe of Wisdom. 2015.

Ani Siti Anisah . "Parental Parenting Patterns and Their Implications for the Formation of Children's Character" Journal of Scientific Vision P2TK PAUD NI, no.2 (January 2023): 141, http://dx.doi.orhg/1052434/jp.v5i1.43

Arikunto, Suharsimi. Research Procedures A Practice Approach . Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2002.

Arikunto, Suharsimi. Research Procedures a practical approach . Jakarta: Rieneka Cipta, 2010.

Basrowi and Suwandi. Qualitative Research . Jakarta : Rineka Cipta, 2008.

Brooks, Jane The Process Of Parenting . New york: Student Library, 2011.

D. Gunarsa, Y. Singgih. Adolescent Psychology . Jakarta: Gunung Mulia, 2007.

EB, Surbakti, Parenting Children . Jakarta: Kompas Gramedia, 2012.

El- Khuluqo, Ikhsan. PAUD (Early Childhood Education) Management: Children's Garden of Life Education. Yogyakarta: Learning Library, 2015.

Jamal Ma'mur Asmani, Practical Guide to Quality Management for PAUD Teachers. Yogyakarta: DIVA Press, 2015.

Hasnatul Jannah , "Forms of Parenting Patterns in Instilling Moral Behavior in Early Childhood in Ampek Angek District" in the journal PG-PAUD FIP Vol. 1 (February:2023) : 4,

I, Gunawan. Qualitative Research Methods Theory and Practice . Yogyakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2015.

Imam Jalaluddin Al-Mahalli and Imam Jalaluddin As-Suyuti. Tafsir Jalalain volume-2 . Translated by Bahrun Abu Bakar. Bandung: Sinar Baru Al-Gesindo, 2005.

Isjoni. Early Childhood Learning Model . Bandung: Alfabeta, 2009.

Jamal Ma'mur Asmani . “Practical Guide to Quality Management for PAUD Teachers , 178-179. Yogyakarta: Diva Press, 2015.

Janet, Kay. Early childhood education'managing children's behavior . New York: Canisius, 2013.

Jasmine, Julia. Methods for Teaching Multiple Intelligences, translator of Julia Jasmine Professional's Guide: Teaching with Multiple Intelligences . Bandung: Nuansa, 2016.

Indonesian Ministry of Religion. The Al-Quran and its translation are equipped with a study of Ushul Fiqh and the essence of the verses. Bandung: Sygma Publisher, 2011.

Ministry of Education and Culture, Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia No. 84 of 2014 concerning the Establishment of Early Childhood Education Units.

Lis Yulianti Syafrida Siregar. Early Childhood Education in the Perspective of Islamic Education (Proceedings of the 1st Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Student Conference Postgraduate Program Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta (PPs UMY) ISBN: 978-602-19568 2-3.

Latif, Mukhtar et al. New Orientation for Early Childhood Education . Jakarta: Kencana. 2013.

Lexy J Moleong. Qualitative Research Methodology. Bandung: Rosdakarya Youth, 2012.

Lwin, May et al. How to Develop Various Components of Intelligence . Yogyakarta: Pt. Macanan Jaya Cemerlang, 2008.

Masnipal, Becoming a Professional Early Childhood Teacher , Bandung: PT. Rosdakarya Youth, 2018.

M. Syahran, The Implementation Of Five-I Ideology In Learning Process, (Study at Elementary School of Fisherman Rural Area of Bajau Ethnic Kuala Tungkal, Jambi Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Education and Research, no. 7 ( July 2013): 6. http://ejournal.uin

Muhammad Nur Abdul Hafizh Suwaid. Prophetic Parenting . Yogyakarta. National Library of the Republic of Indonesia. 2010.

Mukhtar. Guidance for Theses, Theses and Scientific Articles Guidance Based on Field and Library Qualitative Research cet III. Jambi: Gaung Persada Press, 2010.

Muallifah, Psycho Islamic Parenting , Yogyakarta: Diva Press, 2009.

Mulyani, Novi. Super fun traditional Indonesian children's games . Yogyakarta: Diva Press, 2016.

Nasution. Research Methodology . Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 2008.

Nazir. Research methods . Bandung: Ghalia Indonesia, 2008.

Noor, Juliansyah. Research Methodology, Theses, Theses, Dissertations and Scientific Work. Jakarta : Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2011.

Rina Roudhotul Jannah, et al. 144 Early Childhood Learning Strategies Based on Multiple Intelligence. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media, 2018.

Sunarti, Euis. Parenting With Heart , Bandung: Elax Media Komputindo, 2004.

Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Number 137 of 2014 concerning National Standards for Early Childhood Education.

Patwondo, Soemiarti. Preschool Children's Education . Jakarta: Rieneka Cipta. 2008.

Putra, Nusa and Ninin Dwilestari. Qualitative Early Childhood Research . Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada. 2012.

Prastowo, Andi. Qualitative Research Methods in Research Design Perspective. Jogjakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media, 2011.

Rahmawati, Yeni and Euis Kurniati. Strategies for Developing Creativity in Children . Jakarta: Kencana, 2012.

Rabiatul Adwiah, Parenting Patterns and Their Implications for Children's Education, Study of the Dayak Community in Halong District, Balangan Regency , in the Journal of Citizenship Education, Lecturer in the PPKn Study Program, FKIP ULM Banjarmasin, Vol. 7(May: 2007): 36 https://ppjp

Saefullah, U. Developmental and Educational Psychology . Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2012.

Satori, Jam'an and Aan Komariah. Qualitative Research Methodology . Bandung: Alfabeta, 2009.

Sumantri, MS. Early Childhood Motor Skills Development Model. Department of National Education, Directorate General of Higher Education, Directorate of Educational Development for Education Personnel and Higher Education Personnel, 2005.

S.Margono, Educational Research Methodology , Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2015.

Sugiono, Educational Research Methods Quantitative Qualitative Approach and R&D (Bandung: Alfabeta, 2011), 231

Sugiyono. Quantitative Qualitative and R&D Research Methodology . Bandung: Alfabeta, 2010.

Suryana, Dadan. Early childhood education programs . Padang: UNP Press, 2013.

Susanto, Ahmad . Guidance and Counseling and Counseling in Kindergarten . Jakarta: Prenamedia Group, 2015.

Suyadi. Psychology of Early Childhood Education . Yogyakarta: PT. Madani Human Library, 2010.

Suyadi. Early Childhood Learning Theories in Neuroscience Studies . Bandung: PT. Rosda Karya Youth, 2014.

Syamsu Yusuf Ln. Psychology of Child and Adolescent Development. Bandung Youth Rosdakarya, 2008.

National Education System Law no. 20 of 2003. Jakarta: Sinar Graphics, 2011.

Wibowo, Agus. Early Childhood Character Education; Strategy for Building Character in the Golden Age, Cet. II, Jogjakarta: Student Library, 2013.

Yamin, Martinis and Jamilah Sabri Hanan. Early Childhood Education PAUD Guide. Ciputat: Reference, 2013.

Yulis Setiyo Wati, Implementation of Freedom of Learning in PAUD (Yogyakarta: Gava Media, 2021), 20.

Yuliana Naraini Sujiono, Basic Concepts of Early Childhood Education . Jakarta State University, 2007.

Yuliani Nurani Sujiono and Bambang Sujiono. Creative Play Based on Multiple Intelligences. Jakarta: PT Index, 2010



How to Cite

Hindun, H., Ismail Fahri, Sururuddin, & Fenny Wulansari. (2024). The Role of Parents in Developing Intrapersonal Intelligence in Early Age Children 5-6 years in Nyogan Village, Muaro Jambi Regency, Jambi Province. International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary, 2(4), 979–991.